72  Natural perfection

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When we observe nature, we observe that things are perfectly matched and not in some stage of semi-development. Every living creature, no matter how small, fulfils some purpose; every weed is good for something. There are no incomplete ecological systems; the vast majority of living creatures provide a contribution to the common good of the entire ecological system (with the exception of modern man). All this speaks in favour of life on Earth originating from an intelligent creator.

Many humans do not believe in chance. Somehow, we sense that a higher order dominates over the visible world that permeates us and everything on Earth (1). Somehow, we sense that there is a God who differentiates between good and bad, between right and wrong (2).

American physicist Arthur H. Compton (1892–1962) stated, “For me, faith begins with the awareness that a supreme intelligence called the universe into being and created humans. It is not difficult for me to believe this, because it is incontestable that where there is a plan, intelligence is also present. An orderly, developing universe provides evidence for the truth of the most powerful proposition ever made. In the beginning, God created” (3).

Leonardo da Vinci’s  proportional study according to Vitruv:

Leonardo da Vinci’s proportional study according to Vitruv
  Leonardo’s well-known pin drawing of a mature man as double figure with outstretched limbs drawn into a square and a circle (see title picture) underscores the natural perfection of the human body. Even the fact that many humans can be centred in a square and a circle is highly astonishing. However, this picture contains a great deal more.

Squaring the circle:

Only at the end of the twentieth century was mathematician Klaus Schröer successful in proving that this picture also contains the square of the circle. The proportional study according to Vitruv signals a circle with a surface equal to its square with two points – the middle finger on the vertical side of the square through which leads an imaginary arc. Previous art historians and mathematicians simply oversaw the implied circle.

The proportional study according to Vitruv pictures a method for an effective as well as attractive construction for obtaining the approximate square of a circle with a compass and ruler. This method remained unknown for centuries, lost in the grid work of mathematical history, so to speak, and was possible particularly because Leonardo did not openly explain the method on the sheet with the double figure but rather implied it symbolically instead (4).

The natural perfection of the human organism in terms of form and function is overwhelming.  Were we truly created in the image of the eternal, omnipotent God, who himself is the beginning and origin of all things?

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(1) The Bible, Romans 1,19–23.
(2) The Bible, Genesis 3,22.
(3) Arthur H. Compton, Speech on 12 April, 1936, Chicago Daily News.
(4) Klaus Schröer und Klaus Irle, Ich aber quadriere den Kreis …, Waxmann, 1998, pages 105–111.
(Image) http://www.0095.info/resources/index_thesende3_philosophie3_natuerlichevollkommenheit2.tif

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